One method to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is through the application of signposts.

Take a look at this short video to find out more about personal pronouns and active and voice that is passive.

Academic writing is explicit in several ways. Above all, this means that there is a clear presentation of ideas into the paper. The text should have a well-organized structure and be simple for your reader to follow along with. One good way to accomplish structure and clarity in your text is by the utilization of signposts. Signposts are phrases and words which you can use in your text in order to guide the reader along. Signposting could be divided into two different categories: major signposting and linking words and phrases.

More on explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is used to signal key facets of the task, for instance the reason for an academic paper and its structure. Some examples of major signposting:

The aim of this scholarly study would be to …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
In conclusion …

Linking words and phrases create coherence and provide the reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. Some examples of linking phrases and words:

Being explicit in your writing does mean that you are not vague but rather very specific in the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and how to avoid them

If English is certainly not your language that is first you encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section relates to several of the most pitfalls that are common. It becomes easier to avoid them and thereby become a better writer if you learn what your problems are.

Words which are easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look virtually identical but have very meanings that are different. For example you might instead write“manger of “manager”. Keep in mind that this types of mistake just isn’t discovered by the spellchecking purpose of your word processor. In order to avoid these kinds of mistakes it is recommended that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

It’s important to be aware that writing correct English is certainly not pretty much utilizing the right words but also includes sentence structure and punctuation. Making use of punctuation differs between languages; an example may be the upside-down question mark at the start of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But there are smaller differences like the usage of commas together with way quotation marks look.

Take a look at this video that is short more info about punctuation:

You may use punctuation along with that, sentence length, to create variation in your writing. If all your valuable sentences have become short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The study has resulted in results that are many. One outcome is described here.

Those two short sentences could be combined into:

The research has resulted in results that are many one of which will be described here.

However, be careful to make sure you do not create sentences that are run-on. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without proper punctuation or connecting word.

The investigation has led to many results one result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an sentence that is incomplete in order that it cannot stand on its very own. A sentence that is complete a subject and a verb and is made from one thought.

They are types of sentence fragments:

So he went along to look at doctor. (Why did he head to start to see the doctor?)

Such as for example vegetables and fruits. (what exactly are vegetables and fruits examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass all around the floor. (it is a fragment while there is no verb that is main

Sentence fragments can be fixed by incorporating them into the sentence that holds the main clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a sentence that is full.

Peter had a sore throat so he decided to go to begin to see the doctor.

Children should eat healthy food choices, such as for example fruit and vegetables.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered all over the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that does not connect properly to your sentence that is main.

Having finished the experiments, the total results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. Who has finished the experiments? The way the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to “the results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence needs to be rephrased. A good way of doing this might be to clearly state who conducted the experiments and analyzed the outcome:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the results.

Or, if you fail to like to range from the personal pronoun “we”:

As soon as the experiments were finished, the total results were analyzed.